- In his extensive historical study of The Social Sources of Power(vol. i, 1986), the British sociologist Michael Mann offers a fourfold typology of types of organizational reach, a term he uses to describe the characteristics of social power networks. One dimension of the typology distinguishes between the extensive and intensive power of organizations; that is, ‘the ability to organize large numbers of people over far-flung territories in order to engage in minimally stable cooperation’ (extensive power), as against ‘the ability to organise tightly and command a high level of mobilization or commitment from the participants’ (intensive power). The other dimension of the typology distinguishes authoritative and diffused power; that is, ‘power actually willed by groups and institutions’ (including definite commands and conscious obedience), as against power which ‘spreads in a more spontaneous, unconscious, decentred way throughout a population’ (for example an understanding that certain shared social practices are natural or moral). Examples of the four forms of organizational reach thus generated include an army command structure (intensive and authoritative), militarist empire (extensive and authoritative), a general strike (intensive and diffused), and market exchange (extensive and diffused).
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Organizational conflict — is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together. Conflict takes many forms in organizations. There is the inevitable clash between formal authority and power and… … Wikipedia
Organizational architecture — has two very different meanings. In one sense it literally refers to the organization in its built environment and in another sense it refers to architecture metaphorically, as a structure which fleshes out the organizations. Organizational… … Wikipedia
Organizational configuration — Today’s companies are faced with strategic tasks emerging from the international operating environment. The ability to respond to those tasks is usually constrained by their internal capabilities, which are shaped by the company’s administrative… … Wikipedia
Organizational engineering — Contents 1 Theory 2 Tools For Individuals 3 Tools For Groups 4 Tools For Firms 5 Applications … Wikipedia
Industrial and organizational psychology — Psychology … Wikipedia
Computer Simulation and Organizational Studies — Computer Simulation is a prominent method in organizational studies and strategic management (Harrison, Lin, Carroll, Carley, 2007). While there are many uses for computer simulation (including the development of engineering systems inside high… … Wikipedia
Computer simulation and organizational studies — Computer simulation is a prominent method in organizational studies and strategic management. While there are many uses for computer simulation (including the development of engineering systems inside high technology firms), most academics in… … Wikipedia
power — is the concept which is at the heart of the subject of social stratification . It is therefore not surprising that we have seen so many disputes concerning its meaning (including disputes about what particular sociologists meant when they used… … Dictionary of sociology
authoritative power — See organizational reach … Dictionary of sociology
diffused power — See organizational reach … Dictionary of sociology